Timor Leste / September-December 1975


Timor Leste was published by Fretilin in Dili during the interregnum between the 1975 civil war and the Indonesian invasion.

The Portuguese-language journal provides a valuable insight into the views, policies and political culture of Fretilin as it developed in this very intense period in East Timor’s pre-invasion history.

We provide here digital access to what we believe is a full set of the publication. We also include three small supplements on alphabetisation of Tetun, literacy and political consciousness and a broadsheet insert for the final issue (‘Extra’, 4 December 1975) – the text of Xavier do Amaral’s speech on his investiture as the first President of the Fretilin-declared Democratic Republic of East Timor in 1975.

Original copies of Issues 2, 3 & 4 are in the archives of Melbourne’s Timor Information Service (TIS). They were originally given to TIS in 1976 by activist & journalist Jill Jolliffe who had spent much of the interregnum period reporting from Timor. Photocopies of other issues provided by Jill disappeared from the TIS files in the late 1970s.

CHART is grateful to Kevin Sherlock for providing photocopies of the remaining issues in February 2014.

We are keen to locate for publication any further information about the circumstances and people responsible for the production of Timor Leste in Dili in 1975. Your contribution will be gratefully received and acknowledged.

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1.  27 September 1975

2.  04 October 1975

3.  11 October 1975

4.  18 October 1975

5.  25 October 1975

6.  01 November 1975 + Supplement 1

7.  08 November 1975 + Supplement 2

8.  15 November 1975 + Supplement 3

9.  22 November 1975

Extra. 04 December 1975 (On declaration of independence, 28 November 1975) + Insert – Xavier do Amaral investiture speech

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Note on digital files:
The digital files were scanned in black and white only. The coloured title banner has been added by CHART to give readers a sense of the original appearance of the publication.

The digital files have been converted to text – enabling text searching and copying. However, this process has only been conducted at an elementary level and is far from perfect.

Other sources:
Issues 2,3,5,6,& 7 have also been digitised by CIDAC. These can be accessed through the CIDAC Online search screen (enter search term PerT36 in the ‘Call number’ field).

In addition to Kevin Sherlock and CHART’s holdings of original physical copies, some issues can also be found in Australia at the National Library and the State Library of NSW.

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